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ЕВРЕИ ЛАТВИИ. ИМЕНА И СУДЬБЫ [10 Aug 2011|07:47pm]

vpaley
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ЕВРЕИ ЛАТВИИ. ИМЕНА И СУДЬБЫ

Леон Элиасович КЛЕЙНМАН (Leon KLEINMANN)
(27.07.1913, Рига – 22.04.1945, Маншнов)


родился 27 июля 1913 в Риге - центре Лифляндской губернии Российской империи в семье уроженца Риги торговца Элиаса Носелевича Клейнмана и уроженки Тарту Эсфири Элькановны. Вырос он уже в независимой Латвии. Окончил гимназию и нанялся рабочим на текстильную фабрику. Стал участником революционного рабочего движения и в 1932 году в возрасте 19 лет угодил в тюрьму на 4 года. После освобождения прямиком отправился на гражданскую войну в Испанию.
С 15 июля 1937 в Испании. Телефонист-наблюдатель артиллерийской батареи, участвовал в боях на центральном и южном фронтах в рядах "Славянского" дивизиона тяжёлой артиллерии. Демобилизован 12 сентября 1938 года. С 1939 до 1940 находился в концентрационном лагере во Франции Camp de Gur. Бежал и вернулся в Ригу. В том же 1940 в Ригу пришла Советская власть, и участник гражданской войны в Испании вскоре перебирается в Москву на военно-политическую учебу. Здесь же он встретил свою любовь.
В 1941 Московским городским военкоматом он призывается на фронт. Прошел всю войну и даже побывал в отпуске в Москве в 1943, так как 4 февраля 1944 в Москве у него родился сын.
18 апреля 1945 гвардии майор Клейнман, старший инструктор политотдела 1-ой танковой армии 1-го Украинского фронта в боях за Франкфурт-на-Одере получил ранение в бедро, от которого скончался через 4 дня — 22 апреля 1945 года в походно-полевом госпитале №80 в городке Маншнов (Manschnow) провинции Бранденбург. По документам Центрального архива Министерства обороны РФ там же в Маншнове и похоронен. По спискам Агентства Польских Новостей похоронен в польском городке Дембно (в 1945 — немецкий Нойдам/Neudamm) — это в 26 км на северо-восток от Маншнова.

Сын Леона вырос, закончил в 1968 Московский институт нефтехимической и газовой промышленности имени И.М.Губкина по специальности «Машины и оборудование нефтяных и газовых промыслов». Умер несколько лет назад в Москве.

Внук Леона после окончания в 1994 музыкального училища со временем создал в 2001 собственное агентство в области организации деловых, маркетинговых и корпоративных мероприятий

Вся члены семьи Леона — отец Элиас Носелевич (1883) , мать Эстер Эльхононовна (1883), сестры отца Либа (1885) и Шейна (1896) с мужем - оставались в Риге вплоть до прихода немцев в 1941 и были уничтожены вместе с другими узниками рижского гетто. Муж Шейны Карл-Рудольф Кан (1897-1942) был заключен немцами в центральную тюрьму Риги, где погиб в 1942 году. Выжила только сестра нашего героя - Зина, родившаяся в 1922, была отправлена немцами сначала в каунасское гетто, где была на принудительных работах по строительству взлетно-посадочной полосы аэродрома, а затем летом 1944 - в женский концлагерь Штуттгоф, где рыла противотанковые рвы.

Лагерь Штуттгоф (Stutthof) существовал со 2 сентября 1939 года до 9 Мая 1945 года. Располагался на западе Штуттгофа в лесистой области устья реки Висла в 36 км к востоку от Гданьска (Danzig). Земляной покров влажный, т.к. местность на уровне моря. Лагерь Штуттгоф был "лагерем для гражданских военных и заключенных", а концентрационным стал только с 8 января 1942 года. Приблизительно 115,000 заключенных прошли лагерь Штуттгоф; из них 65,000 погибли и 22,000 были перемещены в другие концентрационные лагеря.
Условия в лагере Штуттгоф были зверские. Много заключенных погибло от эпидемий сыпного тифа, которые прокатились по лагерю зимой 1942 года и в 1944 году. Те, кого охрана лагеря, оценивала слишком слабым или больным для работы, были умерщвлены в малой газовой камере лагеря. Применение для этих целей газа <Циклон> (Zyklon) началось с июня 1944 года. Доктора уничтожали в поликлинике лагеря Штуттгоф больных или раненых заключенных смертельными инъекциями. Сначала лагерь Штуттгоф был <фабрикой истребления>, из-за жестоких условий содержания и организованных мероприятий по уничтожению людей. В 1943 году условия незначительно улучшились, из-за применения заключенных в качествем рабочей силы. Часть заключенных лагеря Штуттгоф использовалась в качестве рабочей силы для нужд лагеря, на развернутых вокруг лагеря производственных мощностях: кирпичных заводов, частных промышленных предприятий, в сельском хозяйстве. С 1944 года концентрация массы людей в лагере стала все более важным для производства вооружений, например, самолетов Focke-Wulff. В конечном счете, 105 подразделений лагеря Штуттгоф стали составляющей обширной сети трудовых лагерей в северной и центральной Польше.
Из-за поражений фашистской Германии на фронтах эвакуация заключенных из системы лагерей Штуттгоф началась из северной области Польши в январе 1945 года - в суровый зимний период. В тот период в системе лагеря Штуттгоф находилось почти 50,000 заключенных, подавляющее большинство из них евреи. Эвакуация проводилась в двух направлениях: приблизительно 5,000 заключенных совершали марш к Балтийскому морю; другая часть заключенных совершала марш в направлении Lauenburg в восточной Германии. Десятки тысяч заключенных погибла в этих смертельных маршах... Советская Армия освободила лагерь 9 мая 1945 года.
25 января 1945 года управление лагеря начало эвакуацию заключённых. Около 11 600 человек покинули лагерь и были погнаны на запад, в колоннах по 1000—1500 человек, к каждой из которых было приставлено по 40 надзирателей. Колонны шли десять дней по морозу почти без пропитания на расстоянии около 7 километров друг от друга. 31 января 1945 года солдаты СС расстреляли около 3 тысяч еврейских заключённых на берегу Балтийского моря близ города Пальмникен (сегодняшний Янтарный).
9 мая 1945 года на территорию концентрационного лагеря Штуттгоф вошли солдаты 48 армии 3 Белорусского фронта.
Она выжила, после освобождения вышла замуж за португальца, живет в Португалии и до сей поры находятся в добром здравии. Письмо от ее внука и стало отправной точкой для нашего исследования.


Так и покоится латвийский еврей и испанский доброволец Leon Kleinmann, он же советский майор-политработник Леон Эльясович Клейнман на советском воинском кладбище в 10 км от польско-германской границы — на полпути между своим московским внуком и своей португальской сестрой.


Источники:
1) Проект «Евреи Латвии 1941-1945. Имена и судьбы» http://names.lu.lv/
2) Музей рижского гетто и Холокоста в Латвии http://www.rgm.lv/
3) Еврейская религиозная община и общество «Шамир» http://shamir-latvia.livejournal.com/
4) Центральный архив Министерства обороны РФ (ЦАМО)
http://obd-memorial.ru
http://podvignaroda.ru
5) Межрегиональный информационно-поисковый центр (МИПЦ) http://ipc.antat.ru/
6) Русские могилы в Германии http://www.liveinternet.ru/users/tatjana_weiman/
7) Советское воинское захоронение в Дембно (Польша) http://poiskpeople-ru.livejournal.com/
8) Архив военно-медицинских документов военно-медицинского музея Военно-медицинской академии http://milmed.spb.ru
9) Управление МО РФ по увековечиванию памяти погибших при защите Отечества
10) Российский государственный университет нефти и газа им. И.М. Губкина, Ассоциация выпускников http://grads.gubkin.ru/
11) Академический музыкальный колледж при Московской государственной консерватории им. П.И. Чайковского http://www.amkmgk.ru/
12) Адресно-телефонные справочники Москвы 1941-2000 годов
13) Письмо португальского внука Зины Клейнман
14) Сайт московского внука Леона Клейнмана.


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Internal Structure and revision of TMRCA of Jewish cluster E1b1b1*-C [11 Jul 2011|12:50pm]

dima75
Dmitry L. Tartakovsky

Internal Structure and revision of TMRCA of Jewish cluster E1b1b1*-C

Cluster E1b1b1*-C is the third largest among the seven Jewish clusters of haplogroup E1b1b1. About 14% of the Jews of haplogroup E1b1b1 (approximately 200,000 Jewish men from Ukraine, Russia, Poland, Lithuania, Germany, Italy, Hungary and Spain) belong to it. The question of origin of such a large cluster is not only of a genealogical but also of historical interest.
...

Findings
  • Time to most recent  common ancestor calculation shows that the cluster originated 1470-2000 years ago.
  • Two small branches that passed "bottlenecks" 350 and age 520 years ago have been identified in the cluster: one of them could arise during the revolt of Bohdan Khmelnytsky (1648-1654) and the other — just before the migration from Germany to Poland or even in Poland itself (mid-15th CE).

Full text (PDF):
http://ru.rjgg.org/index.php/RJGG/article/view/96/111
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Tartakovsky surname study by classical and genetic genealogy [19 Feb 2011|09:21pm]

dima75
My surname research.

Dmitry L. Tartakovsky

Tartakovsky surname study by classical and genetic genealogy

In 1834-1850 approximately 40% of Tartakovskys lived in three locations in current Zhytomyr region (Ukraine) and belonged to four families — two families of merchants and two of urban commoners. No archival records confirming residence of Tartakovskys in the first half of 19th century outside the current Zhytomyr region have been found. The participants of Tartakovsky DNA project belong to two families. One of the families is identified as descendants of the merchants Tartakovskys who lived in the first half of 19th century in Zhytomyr city. No relationship between the family of merchants from Zhytomyr city and a family of the urban commoners of Chervone settlement has been found in the autosomal DNA test.

The project is not limited by time. The main prospect of the project is to attract new participants to identify branches of the surname have not been discovered yet.
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Haplogroups E1b1b1c1 (M34) and E1b1b1c1a (M84) among Jews. Could Abraham be E1b1b1c1 or E1b1b1c1a? [08 Aug 2010|02:31pm]

dima75
What is the paper about in simple words:
There are about 8% of Jewish male lines and some percent of Arabian male lines originated from a man called E1b1b1c1 and about 4% of Jewish male lines and some percent of Arabian male lines originated from another man called E1b1b1c1a. E1b1b1c1a was a descendant of E1b1b1c1. We wanted to check if the common ancestor of the Jews and the Arabs E1b1b1c1 or E1b1b1c1a was biblical Abraham. How did we study it? It is known that the descendants of Abraham are the Israelites, the Jewish priests — Cohens, the Arabs and the Seyyids. If Abraham was E1b1b1c1 or E1b1b1c1a, the calculated time to most recent common ancestor (TMRCA) of the Israelites', Cohens' and Arabian E1b1b1c1 or E1b1b1c1a lines would be about 4000 years before present (lifetime of biblical Abraham) and 1400 years before present for the Seyyids (lifetime of imam Ali). We calculated different times for the groups listed above, so Abraham could not be E1b1b1c1 or E1b1b1c1a.
Other conclusions of the paper:
- the ancestors of the Jews of E1b1b1c1 and E1b1b1c1a lines were included in Jewish community during the conquest of Canaan.
- the Jewish and Arabian E1b1b1c1a lines are close one to the other, their common ancestor lived 4080±1440 years ago, so, most probably, both are descendants of ancient Canaanites.

Haplogroups E1b1b1c1 (M34) and E1b1b1c1a (M84) among Jews. Could Abraham be E1b1b1c1 or E1b1b1c1a?
Akper Aliev, Dmitry Tartakovsky

Full text (PDF)
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Famous Jewish Genealogy [20 Mar 2010|07:51am]

fallingstar12
http://www.nbc.com/who-do-you-think-you-are/video/episodes/#vid=1210633

Lisa Kudrow's genealogical search on Who Do You Think You Are? She travels to Belarus and Poland.
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[18 Sep 2009|08:46pm]

fallingstar12
L'shanah tova to all. Wishing everyone a sweet new year :)
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[06 Sep 2009|11:56pm]

fallingstar12
http://jewishgen.blogspot.com/

Thursday, September 3
GeoCities Closing Octobver 29th - Let JewishGen Host Old GeoCities Pages
Yahoo's GeoCities will be closing on October 29th this year. There are hundreds, if not thousands, of websites hosted on GeoCities that contain crucially important information for people researching their Jewish ancestry.

JewishGen is eager to assume full responsibility - at no cost - for any GeoCities site that contains information valuable to people researching their Jewish roots. This information should not be lost, and JewishGen will ensure that the data and information will remain accessible for generations to come

If you have such a GeoCities website, (or know of others that exist), please email us by clicking here and one of our representatives will contact you quickly to make the easy transfer.

Please forward this message to anyone whom you feel can help in this effort.
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Friends of Jewish Dokshitsy (Belarus) [31 Aug 2009|12:32pm]

fallingstar12
Hello. I've been corresponding with a man named Aaron Ginsburg, who you can find information about here: http://aaron.ginsburg.googlepages.com/home

I shall post the first paragraph of his website here, which is the main reason I am posting:

"Much of my time is spend to preserve the memory of the Jewish community Dokshitsy, now in Belarus, where my father Maurice was born. In May, 2008 I went to Dokshitsy to attend the re-dedication of the Jewish cemetery. I feel that my entire life was a preparation for this project which you can read about at JewishDokshitsy.org. In fact I am president of The Friends of Jewish Dokshitsy, Inc. Also learn about the Cirlin-Ginzburg, and Kusinitz, and Pokross families. I am also related to the Karnovsky family. I grew up Newport RI. At the time I think I was almost related to most of Jewish Newport. As part of my family research, I am acting as a clearing house for people whose last name, or whose ancestor's last name was Pokross ( Pokrassa). For more information. visit yousaypokrassa. where you can learn how a family was reunited after 70 years."

He has encouraged me to spread the word about his organization, Friends of Jewish Dokshitsy. Check out the website here: jewishdokshitsy.org. The work his organization is doing is really inspiring. Mr. Ginsburg has told me that he might be planning another trip to Belarus in 2011. Very exciting!

I found out my own relation to people in that particular shtetl through yadvashem.org.

Here's his info:

Aaron Ginsburg
aaron.ginsburg@gmail.com
http://sites.google.com/site/yousaypokrassa/
www.jewishdokshitsy.org
Tel: (508)682-3115
skype aaron.ginsburg

Have a great day :)
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Trip to Dokshitsy, Belarus - May 2008 [29 Aug 2009|05:54am]

fallingstar12
Someone sent this to me. My ancestors were from this shtetl. :)

Trip to Dokshitsy, Belarus - May 2008 from Mark Izeman on Vimeo.

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Term "Cryptic Jews" in American Genealogy Context [26 Aug 2009|01:58am]

focusoninfinity
<input ... ><input ... >In the context of American genealogy, what does the term "cryptic Jews" mean? Generally, the term "cryptic" means "secret". I feel "cryptic Jews" may have different meanings by different users of the term in different situations and not have one and only clear, simple meaning?

For example, in a North Carolina family history book of a prominent family not normally considered "Jewish" by the family, nor by outsiders to that family; their paid professional genealogist, to everyone's surprise, found they had a (pre-1900's if I recall correctly) Jewish ancestor. In this case the term "cryptic Jewish" ancestry meant the descendants themselves did not know of their Jewish heritage.

In the Salisbury, Rowan County genealogical section of the public Library, I found a manuscript diary of, I believe it was an early to mid-1800's Protestant minister which recorded that he bought some used furniture from "that Jew..." (I think he used a term like that) "...Goodman". I think that was the family name; whatever it was I'd never known that to be other than a Protestant family. Though subjective, I felt the writer used the term "that Jew" with hostility, rather than more neutrally such as in, to "Jew a man down" (get a good price). I see like terms such as (un-earned) "Luck of an Irishman", "Indian-giver", etc., as being negative, neutral, or positive (a compliment) based on the (good or bad, or neutral) intent of the term user. In this case, as the family is traditionally considered Protestant, the diarist implied Mr. (Goodman?) was cryptic (understandable) his Jewishness.

I've also heard, many times, the term "cryptic Jews" used in the context of historically Jewish heritage people in Spain who pretended to be Catholics (possibly some Protestants did the same, for the same reasons) in order to escape the Spanish Inquisition. But as the United States never had a Spanish Inquisition (other faults, yes); this would not be an American context use of the term.
<input ... ></input><input ... >
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Ekaterinoslav [22 Jul 2009|10:05am]

javax_slr
A private researcher starts working on Ekaterinoslav metric books.
Tell me if you are interesting in this research.
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Anyone from Rostov (Rostov-Au-Don) or Nevel in Russia [02 Jul 2009|03:10pm]

lhendri479
My relatives are from these areas in Russia .  Anyone else here from these areas?
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New Genealogy Resource Discovery! [01 Jul 2009|04:45pm]

fallingstar12


I'd been getting frustred with Ancestry.com lately, despite my subscription, because of the limited information it provides. I'm only third generation American, so ancestry can only go as far back as immigration records. Thus, I have no records earlier than mid-nineteenth century. Knowing what boat my great grandparents took to get to the US is great and everything, but its not enough. Plus, some of them emigrated to Canada, which would require me to get a Ancestry.ca subscription in order to have access to more records. And some went to Israel, which isnt even an option on ancestry. Its totally Western-Europe biased.

Every once in a while, when I google a living relative's name, I find something new. Today I found a great website that unlocked information about the Russian/Latvian side of my family! And it was written by them. Recently. Since many of them are immigrants themselves (they all still have the Russian  Jewish culture and language), they have made an effort to maintain their own records, because of the part of the family that was murdered in the Russian army and in the Shoah. They take 'never forget' very seriously. And I love it. it makes my job easier and more fulfilling.

I was also lucky enough to find some of my mother's relatives on there as well. That was a nice surprise.

Here is the site: www.Geni.com

Good luck!

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Israeli Genealogy Resources [28 Jun 2009|06:29pm]

fallingstar12
Hello. I'm going to be moving to Jerusalem for six months and I was wondering if anyone knows of any Jewish genealogy places or resources in Israel that I wouldn't otherwise be able to find here in the US that could help me with my research. My ancestry is Ashkenazi.

Thanks.
2 comments|post comment

Holocaust names [24 Apr 2009|05:06am]

fallingstar12
Does anyone know how to get a reliable list of names of victims of Nazi concentration camps?

Edit: Thank you... I found the person I was looking for. I'm glad there are good records out there.
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Update [20 Apr 2009|03:03am]

fallingstar12
[ mood | chipper ]

So I renewed my ancestry.com subscription, which had been inactive for about a year or so. After doing some research I learned that my "Great Granduncle"'s middle name is Raphael. Not a very Jewish sounding name, but classy, nonetheless. Most of my ancestors are Rivkas and Feitches and Zalmans, so a random "Raphael" is fun.

I also learned that this same person is from Dvinsk, Russia. This is very exciting for me. I did a little research and the lovely wikipedia took me here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daugavpils .

After reading this little bit:

The town's history began in 1275 when the stone castle Dinaburg (Dünaburg) was built by the Livonian Order in the lands nominally controlled by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In 1561 it became part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (see: Duchy of Livonia) and in 1620 became capital of the Inflanty Voivodeship, which existed until the First Partition of Poland.

From 1784 onwards, the city had a large and active Jewish population [1] with proeminent personalities.

As part of the Russian Empire it was called Borisoglebsk (1656-1667) and Dvinsk (1893-1920). The town was renamed Daugavpils in 1920 as part of independent Latvia. The city was the site of the Battle of Daugavpils from 1919 to 1920. Dvinsk was part of the Soviet Union 1940-41 and 1944-1991 and Nazi occupied from 1941-44. The town was the scene of fierce Jewish resistance during those years[citation needed]. During the Cold War it was the site of the Lociki air base, 12 km northeast of the town itself.


I have come to understand why it is so difficult for Ashkenazi Jews to say what their heritage is! Common response: "It depends"! :)

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Hungarian Jews [10 Mar 2009|08:00pm]

fallingstar12
Hello fellow genealogists!

I found a great site that helps to trace Hungarian Jewish roots. The link is:

http://www.jewishroots.hu/

I hope that proves useful to someone out there.

Sincerely,

Your Community Moderator,

Sara

ps

Hag Purim
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Interesting Study: Ashkenazi DNA [20 Feb 2009|02:13am]

fallingstar12
This study examines where Ashkenazi Jews stem from based on analysis of DNA.

A MOSAIC OF PEOPLE: THE JEWISH STORY AND A REASSESSMENT OF THE DNA EVIDENCE

by Ellen Levy-Coffman

The Jewish community has been the focus of extensive genetic study over the past decade in an attempt to better understand the origins of this group. In particular, those descended from Northwestern and Eastern European Jewish groups, known as “Ashkenazim,” have been the subject of numerous DNA studies examining both the Y chromosome and mitochondrial genetic evidence.

The focus of the present study is to analyze and reassess Ashkenazi results obtained by DNA researchers and synthesize them into a coherent picture of Jewish genetics, interweaving historical evidence in order to obtain a more accurate depiction of the complex genetic history of this group. Many of the DNA studies on Ashkenazim fail to adequately address the complexity of the genetic evidence, in particular, the significant genetic contribution of European and Central Asian peoples in the makeup of the contemporary Ashkenazi population. One important contribution to Ashkenazi DNA appears to have originated with the Khazars, an ancient people of probable Central Asian stock that lived in southern Russia during the 8th-12th centuries CE. Significant inflow of genes from European host populations over the centuries is also supported by the DNA evidence. The present study analyzes not only the Middle Eastern component of Ashkenazi ancestry, but also the genetic contribution from European and Central Asian sources that appear to have had an important impact on Ashkenazi ancestry.....

http://www.jogg.info/11/coffman.htm
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Ran into a snag - Maybe someone knows this city? [13 Sep 2008|01:25pm]

lhendri479

I received the death certificate for Joseph ANDERT (born 3/17/1888 in Rarshoff, Russia) (Died September 13, 1924 in Eastford, CT)

One major problem - Cannot find the town of Rarshoff, Russia anywhere in the world.

Someone suggested that I look in Hungary because there are a lot of Andert's there and in Austria which I will do.

Was Hungary part of Russia in 1888?

Can anyone find the town of Rarshoff, Russia?

If anyone knows the names or has relatives by the name of ANDERT, HILDEBRANTS, or ALTSCHULER - Please contact me and I can send further information.

Thank you fellow genners.
Linda In NC

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More complete Shtetl info! [27 Jul 2008|08:39pm]

fallingstar12
http://www.shtetlfoundation.org 

 
The mission of the Shtetl Foundation is to document and celebrate the rich and vibrant Jewish History in Europe before its destruction during the Holocaust with the building of a full-size replica of a typical East-European Shtetl in Rishon Le-Zion, Israel. Construction is scheduled to begin in 2003; The Shtetl Foundation, a 501 c not-for-profit organisation, was founded by Prof. Yaffa Eliach in December of 1999. The Foundation's headquarters are located in New York City.
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